California SB 313 - Recurring Billing Merchants
Table of Contents
- What is California Senate Bill No. 313?
- SB-313 requirements for merchants
- What happens if merchants don't comply with SB-313?
- How does SB-313 affect eCommerce?
- Are merchants liable for chargebacks?
- How do merchants fight chargebacks?
- Can cardholders chargeback subscriptions?
In 2017, lawmakers in California passed a bill that created new requirements for merchants who use recurring billing. The bill was an amendment to the state's Business and Professions Code, which already laid out certain requirements for these merchants.
While federal laws and card network rules have already put in place many requirements for recurring billing merchants in an effort to protect customers, any recurring billing merchant with customers in California must also know the local laws pertaining to their business, which in some ways may go beyond what federal laws and card network rules require.
What is California Senate Bill No. 313?
Senate Bill No. 313 (SB-313) was created in response to an increase in complaints by California residents about unethical billing practices. The state reported that these complaints had doubled over the previous year, although there no telling whether this was due to an increase in unethical billing practices among merchants, or simply an increase in the number of recurring billing merchants as a whole.
The goal of this bill was to protect customers who entered into recurring service agreements (subscriptions) with businesses. Customers often reported feeling tricked when a recurring charge appeared or increased when they didn't expect it to.
In most cases, of course, these changes were laid out in the terms and conditions the customer agreed to when signing up, but it's no secret that most customers will never actually read those terms and conditions. Additionally, many customers reported that merchants were making it intentionally difficult to cancel a subscription. For some merchants, at least, this accusation was true.
The bill was written to ensure customers have clear information about recurring charges and promotional offers and can cancel a subscription easily when they want to.
While the bill was intended to benefit customers, most recurring billing merchants will find that adhering to its requirements will benefit them as well, since many of the complaints from unsatisfied customers the bill was designed to address also resulted in chargebacks for the merchants in question.
SB-313 requirements for merchants
- Merchants must display the terms of sale, including recurring billing or automatic renewal terms, in a clear and conspicuous manner before the subscription is paid for by the customer. If the offer includes a free trial or promotional price, the price that will be charged after the end of that period must also be clear and conspicuous.
- Merchants can't charge a customer's account for an automatic renewal or continuous service without first obtaining affirmative consent from the customer.
- Merchants must provide customers with clear information on how to cancel. If a free trial period is involved, this information must be provided before the end of the trial period, and customers must be allowed to cancel before the end of the trial.
- Merchants must provide a toll-free telephone number, electronic mail address, a postal address if the seller directly bills the customer, or another cost-effective, timely, and easy-to-use mechanism for service/subscription cancellation
- A customer who signs up for a subscription online must also be able to cancel that subscription online.
- If the terms of the agreement change, the customer must be provided with a notice of the changes and instructions on how to cancel their subscription.
The full text of the bill can be read here.
What happens if merchants don't comply with SB-313?
Failure to comply with SB-313 can lead to heavy fines if a customer files a complaint with the state. Customers in California can also file lawsuits, including class-action lawsuits, against merchants for violating these regulations. Either of these consequences could also cause the merchant's bank to terminate their agreement.
For merchants, however, it's important not to think of compliance simply in terms of punishment. This bill can also serve to inform merchants about their customers' needs and expectations.
For example, not properly notifying customers about their recurring charges can be seen as underhanded or sneaky, which could trigger a chargeback. Likewise, you're more likely to get legitimate renewals for subscription services with clear and understandable renewal terms.
How does SB-313 affect eCommerce?
This law, if followed in every state, could have a positive impact on the eCommerce community. Though a majority of merchants follow ethical practices to run their business, they still often have to pay higher transaction fees due to the nature of their business.
Much like in auto insurance, where even good drivers have to pay a premium due to the number of bad drivers in that particular area, good recurring billing merchants must pay a premium due to the actions of bad actors.
There have been several complaints filed with the U.S. attorney general about recurring billing merchants who have adopted unethical business practices to boost profits. The attorney general's office identified many of these businesses and levied heavy fines against them, resulting in some of them having to close up shop.
With efforts to combat unethical practices in recurring billing increasing, recurring billing merchants who follow best practices for serving and communicating with their customers will only benefit. With fewer bad actors ruining the reputation of subscription services, fewer customers will be hesitant to sign up.
Are merchants liable for chargebacks?
How do merchants fight chargebacks?
Can cardholders chargeback subscriptions?