Chargeback Reason Codes

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Visa Chargeback Reason Code 30: Consumer Disputes

chargeback reason code 30

Table of Contents

  1. What is Visa chargeback reason code 30?
  2. What causes code 30 chargebacks?
  3. What's the time limit to respond to code 30 chargebacks?
  4. How can merchants fight code 30 chargebacks?
  5. How can merchants prevent code 30 chargebacks?
  6. About Visa chargeback reason codes

Merchants who receive a chargeback for a transaction placed with a Visa card may encounter reason code 30, which indicates a disputed transaction that the cardholder does not believe they should be responsible for paying. The actual underlying cause of this chargeback may either be friendly fraud or merchant error. Merchants who believe they have received an invalid chargeback under reason code 30 may be able to represent the transaction and reverse the chargeback with the right compelling evidence.

What is Visa chargeback reason code 30?

Visa chargeback reason code 30 falls under the “Consumer Disputes” category. The shorthand description is “Services Not Provided or Merchandise Not Received.” This reason code means that the cardholder is claiming that the merchant never provided the goods or services that they paid for.

This chargeback can be used if the merchant willfully refused to uphold their part of the sales agreement or if they were unable to do so due to factors beyond their control.

Either way, if the cardholder does not receive whatever it was that they purchased, the merchant is held liable for the chargeback that may result.

What causes code 30 chargebacks?

There are two common causes of code 30 chargebacks: Mistakes made by the merchant or one of their associates, and friendly fraud from dissatisfied or malicious customers.

This chargeback may occur due to merchant error (or merchant fraud), or because of errors or unreliability on the part of the merchant’s vendors or contractors who were hired to deliver the purchased goods or provide the purchased services. Ultimately, the merchant is responsible for making sure the cardholder gets what they paid for. When the merchant does not uphold their end of the sales agreement, this chargeback is legitimate.

It should be noted that cardholders are supposed to work these issues out with the merchant before going to their bank and disputing the transaction.

When errors or delivery mishaps mean that a cardholder isn’t receiving the benefits of their purchase, they should be able to go to the merchant and ask for a replacement or refund. Issuers are supposed to encourage their cardholders to contact the merchant first, but they do not always enforce this as a rule and may file this chargeback prematurely in cases where the merchant would have been happy to refund the customer directly, had they been given the chance.

This chargeback is also widely used in friendly fraud—cardholders will engage in cyber-shoplifting by falsely claiming that they never received a product that they ordered.

Get the guide, Chargebacks 101: Understanding Chargebacks & Their Root Causes

What's the time limit to respond to code 30 chargebacks?

The acquirer or merchant has 30 days to respond to a chargeback filed under reason code 30.

How can merchants fight code 30 chargebacks?

  • Documentation proving that the cardholder or an authorized representative received the purchased goods or services in accordance with the purchase agreement.
  • If the chargeback carries the “Airline Transaction” modifier, provide proof that the cardholder’s name is on the flight manifest and the itinerary.

How can merchants prevent code 30 chargebacks?

Merchants can prevent code 30 chargebacks by taking measures to limit errors in service and delivery and by having helpful, available customer service that provides refunds and replacements to customers who didn't receive their purchase.

The easier it is for customers to work out their problems directly with the merchant, the less chance they’ll take their complaint to their issuer instead.

The following advice can help you avoid this kind of chargeback:

  • Always deliver purchased goods or services in accordance with your agreement with the customer.
  • Don’t charge the cardholder’s account until their order has been shipped.
  • Inform cardholders when their order has shipped and let them know the estimated delivery date. If possible, provide tracking information.
  • Use signed delivery confirmation.
  • Make sure orders are ready and available for pickup on the date specified.

About Visa chargeback reason codes

Reason codes are alphanumeric codes that provide the justification for granting a chargeback. Pursuant to the Fair Credit Billing Act of 1974, cardholders have the right to dispute unauthorized or erroneous charges, and issuing banks must reverse a disputed transaction if the cardholder’s claim is valid.

When a cardholder contacts their issuing bank to dispute a transaction and receive a chargeback, the dispute is assigned a reason code that most closely matches the substance of the cardholder’s claims. The reason code provides the merchant and other stakeholders in the dispute with a concise explanation for why a chargeback has been granted.

Each card network—Visa, Mastercard, American Express, and Discover—defines and maintains their own unique set of reason codes, which are applied to disputes by the banks that issue credit and debit cards under their brands.

Visa specifies 46 reason codes under the categories of Fraud, Authorization, Point-of-Interaction Error, Consumer Disputes, and Processing Errors. Visa uses a numeric scheme for its chargeback reason codes.

Understanding chargeback reason codes is one of the most essential parts of effective chargeback management. Identifying the chargeback reason code and the evidence required to fight it is the first step in chargeback representment, and analyzing your chargeback reason codes can provide you with insights into what types of disputes are causing you the most trouble. With this information, you can determine the root causes of your chargebacks and take action to prevent them from reoccurring.