Chargeback Insurance Pros and Cons
Table of Contents
- What is chargeback insurance?
- How does chargeback insurance work?
- What does chargeback insurance cover?
- Are there conflicts of interest with chargeback insurance?
- Alternatives to chargeback insurance
- Are chargebacks legal?
- What happens if you lose a chargeback?
- How many chargebacks are you allowed?
Merchants have a lot of options these days when it comes to addressing the issue of chargebacks, and with the sharp increase last year in the number of chargebacks being filed, it's more important than ever for eCommerce businesses to find a way to prevent chargebacks from draining their revenue.
One of the solutions some merchants turn to in the hopes of addressing this problem is chargeback insurance. What is chargeback insurance, how does it work, and is it a good option for merchants dealing with chargebacks? Let's talk about it.
What is chargeback insurance?
Like any other kind of insurance, chargeback insurance offers to cover the big, sudden expenses in exchange for a small, regular payment.+
If you're an online merchant who is struggling with an influx of chargebacks eating into your profits, that might sound like the perfect solution for you. Unfortunately, that's not always the case.
The most common type of chargeback insurance is also sometimes referred to as a chargeback guarantee or warranty.
How does chargeback insurance work?
What does chargeback insurance cover?
In most cases, chargeback insurance won't cover a chargeback if the item was received broken, or was never received. It also won't cover chargebacks rooted in clerical errors, such as being overcharged or duplicated charges for the purchase. Nor will insurance cover delivery of digital goods, such as game applications, entertainment downloads, e-books, webinars, etc.
The other problem is that the impact of a chargeback isn't just financial. Credit card networks track a merchant's chargeback ratio, and there can be severe consequences if it climbs too high.
This isn't meant to penalize the merchant, but it is meant to reflect potential problems in the merchant's operations. Too many chargebacks suggest lax fraud prevention, repeated merchant errors, or bad customer service.
The issue with insurance, then, is that it's far from a one-size-fits-all solution. Merchants who aren't doing anything to correct chargeback problems will face serious consequences even with insurance. Merchants who do take chargebacks seriously will often have several prevention and recovery measures in place to protect themselves, making insurance a bit redundant.
Are there conflicts of interest with chargeback insurance?
Most people have at least heard stories of insurance companies finding every possible angle to avoid paying a claim, and many have experienced that frustration first-hand.
While chargeback insurance providers don't tend to finagle their way out of claims as often as, say, health insurance, the incentive to do so whenever possible is still there.
This conflict of interest also means that in order to reduce the number of claims they pay out, the fraud prevention tools that come with insurance will usually err on the side of rejecting any transaction that's too close to call. That means merchants may see a higher rate of legitimate customers being rejected due to false positives than with a score-based fraud prevention tool that doesn't offer insurance, but that allows the merchant to make their own decisions about what transaction to reject.
Merchants most likely to see an ROI on chargeback insurance are those with average orders of $250 to $500 or more — especially those selling the kinds of luxury items that can easily be re-sold by a fraudster with stolen payment credentials. Selling expensive goods without a high profit margin means that a single chargeback can severely harm the business, and the payout from chargeback insurance can be a lifesaver. For most merchants, however, there are better options.
Alternatives to chargeback insurance
While fraud prevention tools are something we'd recommend for most eCommerce businesses, merchants should choose the right tool for them based on its effectiveness and efficiency rather than based on any insurance it provides.
As far as chargebacks go, the way to deal with them is through a combination of prevention and recovery. Analyzing the root causes of your chargebacks can provide insight into how to effectively prevent them, and tools like chargeback alerts can stop chargebacks before they start.
Recovery means fighting any illegitimate chargebacks you receive and having the knowledge and experience to do so effectively.
If you think that sounds like an intimidating task, you're not alone. Chargebacks are complicated, which is why it's becoming more common for all kinds of merchants, from small businesses to major international corporations, to outsource chargeback management to a team of professionals.